Providing hydration to the child, once to twice a day, is crucial for treating atopic dermatitis. During flare-ups, stop using the hydrating treatment on areas that have become inflamed and instead apply a topical steroid treatment. Continue to use the emollient cream on the rest of the body.
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The most immediate solution is to apply a sufficient quantity of topical steroids to the child’s skin every day. You can also use some anti-scratching techniques such as mittens (to eliminate scratches and bleeding for the smallest children), cold packs (to numb pain) and scratching wheels (to limit an adult’s desire to scratch).