Obviously, your daughter has atopic skin. You should see a dermatologist to treat it specifically. In the meantime, avoid long baths, use cleansing oils and moisturise her skin once or twice a day with lipid-enriched balms tailored to the atopic skin of babies, which are sold in pharmacies.
To learn more about irritated, itchy skin and atopic skin, explore responses from dermatologists and allergists to questions submitted by internet users during chat sessions organised by Bioderma.
Hard water makes dry skin worse and therefore affects the skin barrier which allows allergens from the environment to penetrate the skin and trigger outbreaks of eczema in atopic children.
In atopic children, water hardness (its calcium content) can aggravate skin dryness. In non-atopic children, this has no impact.
Sensitive skin is skin that doesn’t tolerate local treatments, no matter what they are, and often has burning sensations or discomfort. You can have sensitive skin with atopy as well as with many other dermatological conditions.
Prevention is used for “at-risk” children, namely children with at least one allergy-prone parent. In these cases, for example, we know that it is best to avoid contact with cats during the first few weeks. As regards treatment, outbreaks of eczema should be treated as early as possible with topical anti-inflammatory steroids. Changes in the skin barrier should be treated every day with an emollient.
Food allergies sometimes aggravate eczema. But this is rare and should be confirmed through appropriate tests carried out by a doctor. You may need to try an elimination diet to determine the responsible food allergen. However, in the vast majority of cases there are no particular food recommendations for a five-year-old atopic child.
Shingles is not an allergy but a viral infection. However, if you suffer from atopic allergic reactions, your daughter is more likely than average to suffer atopic dermatitis.
It’s best to use a moisturising cream once a day for atopic children but it’s not a requirement. In fact, some children have skin that isn’t as dry and require cream less often. And moisturising cream is not a treatment for red patches. For these red patches, you should use an anti-inflammatory treatment prescribed by your doctor.
It sounds like a minor eczema-like skin lightening condition. Regularly apply a nourishing cream, avoid washing unnecessarily and give her 30 g of fresh butter a day (good source of Vitamin A).
The swimming pool isn’t at all contraindicated for atopic skin. However, you should avoid it during eczema break-outs. Here’s some advice: use a moisturising cream or a barrier cream before swimming, wash with a soap-free gel after swimming, and apply a moisturising cream again after showering.
Don’t wash them too often and make sure you apply a protective cream to their skin before going out.
There are several factors that can cause atopic eczema. First of all, there is a genetic predisposition that makes the skin drier and less “impermeable” than the skin of children without eczema. The other factors that damage genetically-fragile skin are environmental. These factors can include using products with high detergent content on skin, developing allergies to substances like the products in some cosmetics, experiencing allergies to certain foods, etc. So atopic eczema is not an allergic condition but rather a genetic condition. Therefore, with at-risk children (children with a family history of atopic eczema), you should frequently moisturise their skin to try to prevent the appearance of eczema.
Atopy corresponds to a specific genetic predisposition that may express itself in children in various ways such as food allergies, atopic eczema, hay fever or asthma. There are other forms of eczema that are not atopic. For example, contact eczema is an allergy that can occur in adults unrelated to any atopy.
It sounds similar to eczema. Before trying a medical cream, apply a thick layer of ATODERM Intensive cream on the red patches every day (twice a day).